Emphasizing importance of a pedagogical orientation of teaching sciences in seminary, Ushinsky at the same time attached great value to pedagogical and methodical training of the teacher. The teacher has to gain such special pedagogical knowledge which would help him clearly and accurate to define the purpose of education and clearly to process of education at all its stages. Special pedagogical knowledge is necessary to the teacher also for development of mental capacities of children and a of their active attention.
Training as the specific form of process of knowledge has the logical structure: the 1st step - knowledge at a stage of sensory perception (feeling, representation). The teacher has to promote accumulation by pupils of material, teach them to observe, the second - knowledge at a stage of rational process (concept and judgment). The teacher learns to compare, compare the facts, to generalize, draw conclusions, conclusions. The third step of ideological (reasonable) knowledge, is a step of formation of consciousness, outlook. The teacher give system of knowledge, promotes formation of outlook. And the following step of development of the acquired knowledge - fixing.
First of all, at school it must be kept in mind soul of the pupil in its integrities and its organic, gradual and all-round development, and knowledge and ideas has to be built in light and, whenever possible, extensive view of the world and its life.
Idea of a nationality at Ushinsky, being idea democratic, defined new progressive and creative approach to development of pedagogics and as well as possible met requirements of the people and national education.
Ushinsky pays to a problem of initial training much attention. He writes that "the age is less, the more there has to be a pedagogical training of persons who raise and train children". Elementary school has to lay the foundation for the general education and bring up merits of the personality.
Ushinsky considered as one of the most important forms of activity heaps. In the work "Work in its mental and educational value" it shows that work is, first of all a basis of material life, and a source of development of the person, a necessary condition of harmonious development - physical, intellectual, moral, esthetic. Besides activity and work are also a condition of development of informative, emotional and strong-willed processes, formations of abilities and character of the child.
Teaching and the doctrine are connected in a whole when teaching begins in due time, is developed gradually and organically, keeps constancy, excites amateur performance of the pupil, avoids both excessive intensity, and excessive ease of occupations, provides moral and usefulness of material and its application.
Teaching is carried out by two main methods - synthetic and analytical. Methods are supplemented with receptions, their four: dogmatic (or offering), socratic (or asking), heuristic (or giving tasks), sekro-sematicheskiya (or stating). All of them, being combined or connecting in teaching, are applied in each class and at each lesson taking into account age of the pupil and the maintenance of a subject.
Ushinsky understood need of comprehensive study of the person. He claimed: "If the pedagogics wants to bring up the person in every respect, it has to recognize before him too in every respect". (About advantage of pedagogical literature).