In Finland from 9 bln. dollars of forest export about 7 it is the share of pulp-and-paper production, 1 — of timber whereas products from wood give only 2% of revenue, products from paper — 5%, furniture — 2%.
The group of the forest industry deals with timber and other wood materials. The list of products from a tree is very extensive. On classification of the USA primary branches of this industry include:
Degree of an involvement of timber industry production into the international turn the quite high. In a foreign market the fifth part of production of timber, plywood, cellulose, papers and a cardboard, 15% of wood plates, 7% of business wood intends for realization. Rather high value of a foreign market for production and consumption is predetermined by unevenness of distribution in the world of both forest resources, and consumers of production of wood processing, and also the growing specialization of producers.
Also this market is interesting to that is under continuous supervision of various organizations. Among the most active it is possible to call Association of products of the western woods (Western Wood Pruducts Association). Also the market is controlled by Service of the woods of Department of agriculture of the USA (United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service).
For world timber market plurality of the prices is characteristic — at it various, often not interchangeable grades, types, types of the same goods are estimated and realized. This plurality generates certain problems at a choice of the representative, so-called world prices.
Seasonal fluctuation in prices at timber and paper goods is not really expressed that is explained by rather high specific weight in the realized wood cost price on a root, and also nonseasonal nature of consumption of many types of production. Seasonality is shown first of all on the goods which are more or less closely connected with construction as with the sphere of consumption. Seasonal revival of construction in spring and early autumn months quite often are followed by fluctuation in prices of a number of forest products.
Exchange trade for timber and paper goods of a malotipichn. Actually, wood yards work in the USA (especially large volumes of the auction are observed on Chicago Mercantil Exchange, CME) where they influence trade between the USA and Canada which is uninviting for other countries. Auctions are more widespread. On them in many countries the wood on a root is on sale, through auctions also small part of forest products in Japan is realized. But, in a type of specificity of such transactions, use of the prices of such auctions is also limited.
The tenth part of all industrial production in the countries with the developed market economy is the share of branches timber and paper kompleksa2 now approximately. This complex includes productions very various and unlike at each other which are united by use of uniform raw materials, unique by the nature, which wood is.
The paper market is characterized by a large number of exporters. But also on this production from 50 million t of world trade to Canada 11 million, are the share of Finland — 7, to Sweden — 6,5, to the USA — 5, to Germany — 4, to Austria, France and the Netherlands — 2 million t. Approximately 1 million t Brazil, Italy, Norway deliver abroad.